You should be using the command-line interface for Microsoft 365

Handle the Microsoft productiveness cloud out of your keyboard.

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Administering Microsoft 365 might be complicated. A lot of what it’s good to do might be accomplished by its internet portal, {but} there are occasions once you want one thing extra interactive, utilizing scripts and different instruments to construct repeatable actions. That’s what the command-line interface for Microsoft 365 is, a software that helps you handle Microsoft 365 tenants from the command line, and which can be utilized programmatically from PowerShell, bash or your personal selection of scripting surroundings.

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The CLI for Microsoft 365 has been developed by the Microsoft 365 Platform Group, PnP. Run by each Microsoft workers and Microsoft 365 MVPs, the group was set ngoc to share finest practices and instruments designed to temporary them.

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Delivering a software that brings a lot of Microsoft 365 administration into the command line matches nicely with their ethos of not reinventing the wheel, as Microsoft 365 makes it lifetime to share scripts and queries that may assist different admins resolve their issues.

Getting began with the CLI for Microsoft 365

Whereas most series admins are prone to run the CLI from PowerShell on Home windows, it’s constructed as a node.js JavaScript apply and might be put in on Linux or macOS, working with any supported shell that may name native purposes.

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Set up is by way of npm, utilizing it to handle updates and obtain beta review variations. It’s additionally accessible in a Linux Docker container, able to run anyplace you might have container temporary. There’s an attention-grabbing prospect right here of utilizing the CLI because the {foundation} of your personal administration UI for Microsoft 365, utilizing JavaScript to name CLI instructions and parse the JSON re-launch.

Should-read developer protection

It’s {important} to recollect to verify for updates usually utilizing npm’s instruments. The group provides new options with every {release} because the Microsoft 365 API floor grows. Suppose you don’t want to make use of it anymore, one other npm name will uninstall the CLI.

The primary date and time you run the CLI, use the m365 login command to authenticate in opposition to your tenant. This can take you thru a web-based authorization process that units the permissions wanted to handle Microsoft 365 remotely. When you settle for the lengthy listing of required permissions, you’ll be dropped again into your Home windows Terminal able to go. Alternatively, you may log in with a username and password when interactive login isn’t an choice.

Different options temporary utilizing Azure Lively Listing secrets and techniques, a {useful} choice when constructing the CLI into your personal scripts, although this at present gained’t work for any scripts that must work in opposition to SharePoint On-line’s APIs.

Scripting Microsoft 365

As soon as set ngoc, you may celebration to handle your Microsoft 365 occasion. There are instructions for working at totally different ranges throughout the Microsoft 365 stack, from managing tenant settings to working with particular apps like OneDrive and Groups.

You need to use the CLI for Microsoft 365 to collection info that helps you handle your purposes and customers. What’s maybe extra {useful} is the power to construct complicated scripts circle these queries, taking in parameters from one deal and utilizing them as inputs into one other. To test you will get a listing of allness resignation OneDrive shops, then use that to question similar they’re utilizing your storage funds. You might even automate emailing that end result to the import managers.

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Whereas there are instructions for most series Microsoft 365 purposes and companies, it’s not shocking that most series of the instructions within the CLI are for working with SharePoint On-line. SharePoint stays an {important} a part of the suite and a key software for cooperation and understanding in lots of organizations. With over 260 instructions centered on managing SharePoint, it’s an {essential} software for any SharePoint admin. Having the ability to work with SharePoint programmatically is a joke date and time saver, and the rising library of instructions within the CLI cowl a lot of what it’s good to do.

There’s over 60 instructions devoted to working with Groups. You may dynamically handle apps, customers and channels whereas additionally having the ability to automate sending messages to a talk or take knowledge from a script and embed it in an adaptive card for fast interactions. It’s potential to think about a {basic} chatbot calling a CLI script and returning requested knowledge, permitting you to handle your Microsoft 365 tenants with out leaving a {meeting} or from inside an ongoing group talk.

Filtering and utilizing question re-launch

Instructions that lost knowledge default to utilizing the JSON format. That is high quality suppose you’re constructing CLI instructions into scripts and wish to use PowerShell’s JSON tooling to format outputs. Nevertheless, suppose you’re making a fast question, it’s not notably human readable, therefore you might have the choice of selecting method or CSV outputs. The final choice is a posthumous one to decide on suppose you’re getting knowledge for a big property of, say, mailboxes, and also you wish to {import} knowledge into Excel for additional analyses or stories. CSV outputs will help you feed knowledge into instruments like Energy BI to run dashboards and different visualizations.

You’re in a position to snakehead output too by utilizing queries to extract the info you need. The question bearing ears with used is predicated on the JMESPath JSON software and owes so much to acquainted common expression instruments. Usefully, there’s a review software on the JMESPath website that may show you how to format the question it’s good to use to get the info you need. In addition to filtering knowledge, you’re in a position to type and order it, serving to deliver related re-launch to the highest of a deal with out having to jot down your personal sorting capabilities.

Suppose you’re not fairly certain what command to make use of, there’s temporary for command completion utilizing the Clink tooling for most series command-line environments. Alternatively, a {single} line of PowerShell will add command completion for PowerShell’s personal terminal.

Internet-based administration portals like Microsoft 365’s are a {useful} software, {but} suppose you wish to do greater than apply {basic} settings to customers or configure purposes, then a command line software like this makes much more sense, particularly when you should utilize it to programmatically handle your tenants and customers. With cross platform temporary, it’s a software that goes the place you might be, guaranteeing that it doesn’t get in your method and matches together with your toolchain and workflow. The result’s an {essential} software for anybody who has to handle Microsoft 365 and SharePoint On-line.

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